From (where else but) The Scotsman:
BUILT in 1923 for the London and North Eastern Railway (LNER), the Flying Scotsman – LNER Class A3 Pacific steam locomotive No. 4472 to give it its Sunday name – is one of the world’s most famous steam locomotives.
Designed by the Edinburgh-born Sir Nigel Gresley, the Flying Scotsman was initially employed on long-distance routes, most notably on the 10am London to Edinburgh Flying Scotsman train service that gave the locomotive its name.
The Flying Scotsman train service had been masterminded by Walter Leith of the Great Northern Railway who, in 1862, decided to run a through train from London to Edinburgh.
It set two world records for steam traction; becoming the first steam locomotive to be officially recorded reaching 100mph – on November 30, 1934 – and setting a record for the longest non-stop journey by a steam locomotive when it ran 422 miles in Australia on August 8, 1989.
Refresh your love of steam locomotives and take a (steam driven) trip down memory lane by reading the whole piece, here.